Stocks and Shares ISAs have been around for 20 years, but Brits aren’t really into them. According to the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), only 17% of Brits are invested in a Stocks and Shares ISA1, and yet, holding an Investment ISA comes with many advantages.
1: FCA, The financial lives of consumers across the UK, June 2018 - https://www.fca.org.uk/publication/research/financial-lives-consumers-across-uk.pdf
You get to keep more of your returns
Investors living in the UK pay two taxes on their returns: Capital Gains Tax and Income Tax. With a Stocks and Shares ISA you can invest up to £20,000 - this is your annual ISA allowance. What's more, you don’t need to pay UK tax on any returns you make. This means you get to keep more of your money whilst spending less time on your self-assessment tax return form!
It’s an easy way to start investing
Opening a Stocks and Shares ISA shouldn’t be an intimidating experience. Robo-investing services take the hassle out of investing by doing the hard work for you. Not only will they build an investment plan that suits your needs, they’ll also do all the legwork in monitoring and adjusting your plan when needed. That way, you can spend more time doing what you love, whilst letting your money work tax-efficiently.
It can deliver higher returns
Despite a general increase, cash savings rates remain low in the UK, mainly under 2%2. And yet we Brits are creatures of habit and keep pouring our money into Cash ISAs. In 2017/18, there were around 8 million ISA accounts sat in cash and just 2.8 million Stocks and Shares ISAs3. Putting money in an easy-access savings account is a sensible thing to do in case an unexpected bill shows up, but favouring Cash ISAs for all of your hard-earned savings may undermine your money’s potential in the long run. Indeed, with inflation comfortably hovering above the Bank of England base rate, the value of your savings is probably decreasing in real terms. As long as that continues, your long-term financial goals will remain a distant dream. With investing, you don’t get paid a fixed interest rate. Your returns depend on how much your investments are worth when you sell them. Yes, there’s a risk you could get back less than you initially put in, but there’s also a chance for inflation-beating returns over the long-term.
It can be ethical
It’s even possible to help your money grow and do your bit for the future. How so? Simply choose to invest ethically. Your money will be invested in companies that are committed to having a positive impact on the environment and society. The good news is that ethical investing doesn’t even have to mean lower returns. In fact, many studies show that ethical investments tend to perform as well as other investment types.
One key benefit of holding a Stocks and Shares ISA is that you can move it from one provider to another. ‘What’s the point?’ you ask. If you’re disappointed with your returns or think your fees are too high, or just want to get the best ISA rates in the UK, transferring your Stocks and Shares ISA to a new provider could help. If you have two or three older Stocks and Shares ISAs with different providers, transferring them all to one place will mean you only pay one set of fees. If you’re moving an ISA opened in previous tax years to a new provider, you can transfer as much as you want, and it won’t count towards your ISA allowance. Whatever you do, use the official ISA transfer form to retain the tax benefits.
The tax treatment depends on your individual circumstances and may be subject to change in the future.
Please remember the value of your investments can go down as well as up, and you could get back less than invested.